Dr Naveen Bhamri is the Best Cardiologist in Rajouri Garden. With more than 15 years of experience, he is the most trusted cardiologist.
Obesity has a major impact on heart health and is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease development. Here’s a quick rundown of the link between obesity and heart health:
Obesity increases the risk of heart disease, stroke, hypertension, heart failure, and atrial fibrillation. Excess body weight stresses the heart, raises blood pressure, cholesterol, and inflammation, all of which cause heart disease.
Obesity is strongly connected to hypertension, a major risk factor for heart disease. Excess weight requires more blood to transport oxygen and nutrients, increasing blood volume and blood pressure. Obesity can also cause the kidneys to retain more sodium, raising blood pressure even further.
Obesity often causes an unfavourable lipid profile with high LDL cholesterol, triglycerides, and low HDL cholesterol. The risk of atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease is increased by this lipid imbalance.
Diabetes and Insulin Resistance
Obesity is significantly linked to insulin resistance and the development of type 2 diabetes. Insulin resistance makes blood arteries expand and increases heart disease risk by impairing blood sugar regulation.
Adipose tissue (fat cells) produces inflammatory chemicals known as adipokines. Obesity causes chronic low-grade inflammation, which aids in the development and progression of atherosclerosis and other cardiovascular problems.
Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Obesity is a substantial risk factor for Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA), a sleep disease characterised by disruptions in breathing during sleep. OSA is linked to an increased risk of hypertension, irregular heartbeats, and heart failure.
Risk factor for heart failure
Obesity is a risk factor for heart failure, which occurs when the heart is unable to pump enough blood to meet the body’s needs. Excess weight increases the burden on the heart and can result in anatomical changes that affect cardiac function, such as left ventricular hypertrophy.
It is critical for heart health to maintain a healthy weight. Overweight or obese people who lose weight can considerably improve cardiovascular risk factors such blood pressure, cholesterol levels, insulin resistance, and inflammation. Adopting a well-balanced diet, engaging in regular physical activity, and seeking expert help are all important components of successful weight management.
It is crucial to realize that even minor weight loss can have a significant impact on heart health. If you are concerned about your weight or its influence on your heart health, it is best to seek personalised advice, guidance, and support from a healthcare expert.