Dr. Naveen Bhamri is the Best Cardiologist in Kirti Nagar, Delhi. With more than 15 years of experience, he is the most trusted cardiologist.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a group of conditions that affect the heart and blood arteries. It’s a wide word that encompasses ailments including coronary artery disease, heart failure, arrhythmias, and heart valve problems. Cardiovascular disease is a prominent cause of death worldwide, with a wide range of risk factors, symptoms, and treatment choices. Here are some important facts about cardiovascular disease:
A number of risk factors play a role in the development of cardiovascular disease. These include hypertension, hyperlipidemia, smoking, obesity, diabetes, a family history of heart disease, physical inactivity, a poor diet, excessive alcohol consumption, and stress.
Coronary Artery Disease
The most frequent type of cardiovascular disease is coronary artery disease (CAD). It happens when the coronary arteries, which feed blood to the heart muscle, constrict or obstruct owing to plaque development (atherosclerosis). This can result in angina (chest discomfort), heart attacks (myocardial infarction), and other consequences.
Heart failure occurs when the heart is unable to pump enough blood to meet the needs of the body. It can be caused by a variety of heart-related illnesses, including coronary artery disease, excessive blood pressure, heart valve problems, and cardiomyopathy. Fatigue, shortness of breath, limb swelling, and fluid retention are all symptoms.
Arrhythmias are irregular cardiac rhythms that can cause the heart to beat too slowly, too quickly, or irregularly. Some arrhythmias are innocuous, while others can be fatal. Palpitations, dizziness, fainting, and shortness of breath are common symptoms.
Physical exams, medical history assessments, blood tests, electrocardiogram (ECG/EKG), stress tests, echocardiogram, cardiac catheterization, and imaging tests such as CT scans or MRIs can all be used to identify cardiovascular disease.
Treatment for cardiovascular disease is dependent on the exact illness and severity. It may include lifestyle changes (such as eating a heart-healthy diet, exercising regularly, and quitting smoking), medications (such as statins, blood pressure-lowering drugs, and antiplatelet agents), surgical interventions (such as bypass surgery, angioplasty, valve repair/replacement), implantable devices (such as pacemakers and defibrillators), and cardiac rehabilitation programmes.
Many occurrences of cardiovascular disease can be avoided or postponed by adopting a healthy lifestyle. Maintaining a balanced diet, engaging in regular physical activity, managing stress, avoiding tobacco use, limiting alcohol consumption, maintaining a healthy weight, and controlling conditions such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and high cholesterol are all examples of healthy behaviours.
For an accurate diagnosis, personalised guidance, and appropriate treatment options for cardiovascular disease, it is critical to speak with a healthcare professional.