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What is CABG?


The abbreviation for “Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting” is “CABG.” It is a surgical treatment that is used to treat coronary artery disease (CAD), which is a condition in which the blood arteries that narrow or get clogged are those that deliver oxygen and nutrients to the heart muscle. The coronary artery bypass graft, or CABG, procedure is also sometimes referred to as bypass surgery or heart bypass surgery.

During a CABG procedure, a surgeon will use grafts in order to generate new blood vessels that will lead to the heart. Grafts are blood vessels that have been harvested from another region of the body, most commonly the leg or the chest wall. The blocked or narrowed segment of the coronary artery is circumvented by the surgeon by attaching one end of the graft to a healthy artery or vein beyond the section of the coronary artery that is blocked or narrowed and attaching the other end of the graft to a spot on the coronary artery that is below the obstruction.

The coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) procedure improves blood supply to the heart muscle by making new channels for the blood to flow through. This alleviates symptoms such as chest pain (angina) and lowers the risk of having a heart attack. Additionally, it can improve the patient’s overall cardiac function and perhaps lengthen their life span.

The coronary artery bypass graft, often known as CABG, is a significant surgical procedure that is normally carried out under general anesthesia. It necessitates an overnight stay in the hospital as well as a period of healing time. individuals who have severe coronary artery disease and extensive blockages in many coronary arteries, as well as individuals who have not reacted well to previous treatments such as medication or angioplasty, are typically the ones who are candidates for this treatment. After the patient has been examined in great detail by a cardiologist or a cardiac surgeon, who takes into account the patient’s overall state of health as well as the severity of their coronary artery disease, the decision to proceed with CABG surgery is taken.

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