The impact of air pollution on people’s health has become a major topic of global health concern. Nine out of 10 people on the planet breathe polluted air, which is increasing at an alarming rate in major cities. The risk of stroke and cardiovascular disease, as well as other chronic diseases, is increasing as the quality of urban air deteriorates. There has been an unusual increase in hospitalisation cases owing to heart illness in recent years, and it is now clear that patients with health condition are more vulnerable to air pollutants. Pollutants can harm your heart and circulatory system by causing damage to the inside walls of blood vessels, narrowing and hardening them, affecting your heartbeats, and making your blood more likely to clot.
How can we protect ourselves from air pollution?
The most important thing is to use techniques to determine air quality. You may do this with your smartphone or air quality monitors. Consume a well-balanced diet rich in green vegetables, fruits, and whole grains, as well as plenty of water, to keep your body hydrated and resist the health risks associated with air pollution. A well-balanced diet rich in important vitamins and nutrients benefits in the body’s immune system’s strengthening. Exercising is essential because it eliminates pollutants from the bloodstream, increases blood circulation, and promotes heart function. When in polluted areas, however, indoor light exercise is advised.
If you experience shortness of breath, chest pressure, or pain, you should stop exercising. Maintain a healthy BMI. Stop smoking, drink in moderation, and wear a mask when outside. Patients with pre-existing medical conditions should take extra precautions and visit their doctors on a regular basis, in addition to taking the steps outlined above on days when the air quality is severe.